A question that clients often ask us when preparing to start their hedge fund is what licenses the principals need to manage or market the fund.
The answer depends on several factors, which are discussed below.
- Investment adviser registration: If the hedge fund that you will be managing has $150 million or more in assets, then the investment adviser of the fund must register with the SEC as an investment adviser. In addition, the individuals actually managing the fund’s investments must register as investment adviser representatives in the state in which the investment adviser is located.
If the hedge fund’s assets will be less than $150 million, then no SEC registration is necessary. Rather, the investment adviser firm will be subject to state law. As a result, whether you will have to register as an investment adviser will depend on the law of the state in which the investment adviser is located. Note that this factor is determined where you are physically located, not the state in which the investment adviser firm is incorporated.
For investment advisers managing hedge funds with less than $150 million under management, it is often possible to find an exemption from registration. This will be determined by the laws of the state in which you are located and the nature of the investors in your fund.
- Broker-dealer registration: In most cases, start-up advisers market their funds through their principals. As long as the principals are not paid a commission for bringing investors into the fund, then no registration as a broker is required. A management fee or carried interest is not considered a commission for these purposes.
Some fund sponsors may want to form an in-house marketing department to market their funds and conduct outreach to potential investors. This must be done carefully in order to prevent the in-house marketing employees from being considered unregistered brokers.
In addition, special issues can arise if you form more than one fund (for instance, with different strategies), and more than one fund is raising capital at the same time.
Be aware that raising capital through third party firms that are not registered as broker-dealers can cause significant legal problems, especially if they are paid by commission. For this reason, it is important to consult with an attorney before entering into an arrangement with a third party firm that is not registered as a broker-dealer.
If you are ready to start your hedge fund, contact Kahane Law Group today. We can help you navigate the complex legal issues involved and help your fund get off to a successful start.